Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the iron judge who dedicated her life to combating gender discrimination and overcame many adversity before landing in the Supreme Court in 1993, died this Friday of age 87, due to complications from pancreatic cancer.
Statement from the President on the Passing of Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg pic.twitter.com/N2YkGVWLoF
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 19, 2020
According to a statement from the highest court, Ginsburg died this Friday night surrounded by her family in Washington, D.C., and will be buried at Arlington National Cemetery. He is survived by his sons Jane Carol and James Steven, four grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
Supreme Court President Conservative John Roberts said that “our nation has lost a jurist of historical dimensions. We’ve lost a precious colleague. Today we are grieving but confident that future generations will remember Ruth Bader Ginsburg as we knew her, a tireless and resolute defender of justice.”
Ginsburg would have won an award for assistance in the Supreme Court, where she never missed any oral hearing despite the debilitating chemotherapy sessions she received for years for three cancers, or in 2010, following her husband’s death.
Political leaders from both parties, celebrities and civic groups praised Ginsburg‘s work and figure, considered the most accomplished of U.S. court justices Groups of people who attended the outskirts of the Supreme Court this Friday night (local time) after learning of the news.
Thin and barely five feet tall, her physical appearance might project fragility, but that would be a hoax: Ginsburg once joked that, thanks to her personal trainer, she could lift more weights than some of her colleagues on the stand.
Nor did he lack a sense of humor: he used to repeat his mother-in-law’s wise counsel that the secret of a lasting marriage, in his view, was to “become a little deaf from time to time,” something that Ginsburg says also worked in court.
Known by the nickname ‘Kiki’ among her relatives, or ‘the notorious RBG’ – for her firmness and incomparable dissension in some cases – she left her impassor as a progressive leader in the Supreme, where she arrived in 1993 following her nomination by then-President Bill Clinton.
Ginsburg was then the second Supreme Court justice, after Sandra Day O’Connor, in a court dominated by white men most of her story.
Following the retirement of John Paul Stevens in 2010, Ginsburg was the highest-ranking judge of the progressive quartet, completed by Stephen Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.
A prolific author and influential leader, Ginsburg always supported the right to abortion and the #MeToo movement for women’s rights, press freedom and legal independence.
Similarly, he expressed his disdain for President Donald Trump in 2016, calling him “false.” He then apologized for that public comment in full strife.
During a campaign rally in Minnesota, Trump does not mention Ginsburg by name, but has said he wants to appoint a new judge who can achieve Senate confirmation with bipartisan support, such as Republican Sen. Ted Cruz.
“Ted is the only man I know who can get 100 Senate votes, all senators will vote for him”
“One of the good things we’ve done with the Supreme Court, we have two judges in the Supreme Court. We will have at the end of my term approximately 300 federal judges,” Trump said, interrupted by applause.
Last year, Senate Republican majority leader Mitch McConnell made it clear that he would fill any vacancies in the Supreme but, 45 days after the election, it is unknown whether the bench will come together to give Trump another legislative victory of this magnitude.
Senate Democratic minority leader Chuck Schumer tweeted after news broke that his replacement should not be filled until after the November election. This is the same rule McConnell used in 2016 to prevent the confirmation of Merrick Garland, nominated by Obama in the spring of that year after another supreme court judge, Antonin Scalia, died.
Ginsburg in defense of women
Ginsburg is best known as an icon of the fight for women’s rights. She defended six cases on gender equity before the Supreme Court during the 1970s, as one of the few pioneers in her field.
After venturing into law, first at Rutgers University and then Columbia University, Ginsburg joined the U.S. Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), from where she co-founded in 1972 and led the Women’s Rights Project.
She was, at its core, a feminist leader when women’s defense was just beginning her steep struggle, without the ease or immediacy now offered by social media.
In fact, Ginsburg won all six cases before the Supreme Court without suspecting that, two decades later, he would hold a lifetime position in the same marble building.
her life has inspired numerous forums, books, extensive media coverage, radio and television programs, documentaries, cartoons and other expressions of popular culture.
Ginsburg was born into a Jewish labor home in Brooklyn, New York, in 1933, in the midst of the Great Depression. her mother, Celia Amster, worked in a clothing factory, and herfather, Nathan Bader, as a fur salesman. her mother, who instilled in him the value of education, died of cancer a day before Ginsburg graduated from James Madison High School.
Graduated with high honors in government from Cornell University in 1954, she put her plans in the freezer after marrying her husband, Martin (Marty) Ginsburg, with whom she had her daughter, Jane, the following year. Their second child, James, was born in 1965.
A life of adversity
She later enrolled in Harvard University School of Law in 1955, when her husband completed his military service. Her life suffered a turnover the following year when, in addition to attending her studies, had to take care of Martin, diagnosed with cancer while completing her law career also at Harvard.
Like many women, Ginsburg tried to balance her family obligations and career ambitions, as she was just one of nine women at Harvard Law School, in a class of 500 and where many resented a woman ‘stealing the job‘ from a man.
Ginsburg stumbled upon gender discrimination in the juridic harvard law review, although she earned her place as the first woman in the prestigious legal journal.
The couple moved to New York for a job offer from Martin, and Ginsburg completed her studies at Columbia University in 1959.
Her impeccable academic career could not counter the machismo and wage inequality that dominated the labor market, and a teacher of her had to intervene to get him employment with the federal judge, Edmund L. Palmieri.
Ginsburg continued to climb steps despite institutional barriers, so much so that he tried to hide her second pregnancy during her time at Rutgers, as narrated by her biographers.
Her reputation and rigour as a prosecutor came to the ears of the president, Jimmy Carter, who appointed her a judge on the U.S. capital’s Court of Appeals in 1980, where she remained until Clinton appointed her to the Supreme Court.
No fear of making history
In one of the most important cases of her career, Ginsburg wrote the majority opinion in United States v. Virginia, which ordered the Virginia Military Institute to allow female cadets in.
In 2007, in Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co, the Court dismissed Lilly Ledbetter’s lawsuit against the tire company because, as a manager, he earned far less than men for the same job, but apparently filed the complaint outside the time required by law.
Ginsburg wrote a passionate dissension on behalf of the progressive minority, and got Congress to pass the 2009 Fair Pay Act, which bears the name Ledbetter and was the first law enacted by then-President Barack Obama.
In her office, Ginsburg has a copy framed by an Obama message that reads, “Thank you for helping to create a more equitable and just society.”
In 2012, Ginsburg published another of her most notable views when he defended the constitutionality of health reform known as Obamacare, and the power of Congress to adopt social welfare laws.